The giant Swing in Bangkok (Thailand)
The giant Swing (Thai Sao Ching Cha) is a construct of religious purpose in the district of Phra Nakhon in Bangkok. Swings are located at the front of another temple, Wat Suthat. Previously they were part of bremenskih ceremonies, but are today used exclusively as a tourist attraction.
Swing was built in 1784 by king Rama I in front of another temple – Devasathan. During the reign of Rama II “swing-like” ceremony was discontinued because the structure was damaged by lightning. In 1920, reconstructed them, and to release a place for the gas plant was moved to its present location. The last time the ceremony was performed in 1935, after which it finally was canceled due to frequent accidents.
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The last reconstruction was held in 1959, since after 45 years of exposure to atmospheric conditions on the elements of the wooden frame they were badly damaged. Major reconstruction began in April 2005. Was used six sticks of teak. Two of them, with a diameter of 3.5 and a height of over 30 meters, is used as the main pillars. The other four are used for support and have razmerennaya more modest – 2.3 m in circumference and 20m in height.
The swing set was dismantled in October 2006, and at the end of December of the same year the citizens and guests of the capital can enjoy renewed sights. In September 2007 the design was dedicated to the special Royal ceremony chaired by His Majesty king Bhumibol Adulyadej. The tree of the original Swing are preserved in the National Museum .
In 2005 the Giant Swing, together with Wat Suthat, was adopted in the list of UNESCO world heritage.
The ceremony of Tri-yampawai or the Swing ceremony was one of the 12 Royal ceremonies in every month of the Thai lunar calendar in the Sukhothai Kingdom. Originally it was held in the first lunar month, but in the time of Rattanakosin Kingdom in the 19th century was moved to the second lunar month. The ritual was conducted in a series of 10-day celebrations of the New year.
According to the ancient Hindu epic, after Brahma created the world he sent Shiva to look after it. When Shiva descended to the earth, it turned out that Naked snake turned around the mountains, to save their possessions. But Naga Siva cast into the sea, where he still remains. The Swing ceremony is a re-enactment of this story. Pillars is an allegory of the giant mountains, swing – Land. In the ancient ritual Ramenskom the men were swinging on swings of up to 20 meters in height, trying to grab a small bag of coins hanging on one of the columns.