Why the “roller coaster” is actually called “roller coaster”?
The old rides. now known as the “roller coaster”, has been considered from so-called “roller coaster”, which were artificially created, high icy hills, often occurring in the vicinity of St. Petersburg. Very popular in the 17th century ice slides built with a height of approximately between 20 and 24 meters, had the inclination, approximately fifty degrees and was reinforced by wooden supports. “Roller coaster” still replace the name “roller coaster” in many languages of the world.
Some historians claim that the first roller coaster was built by order of the Queen of Russia, Catherine the great in Saint Petersburg in 1784. Other historians believe the first roller coaster was built by the French, and from there was borrowed the idea of their creation. “Les Montagnes Russes a Belleville” (roller Coaster, Belleville) constructed in Paris in 1812, offered additional protective structures, including guides, who not only worked in the direction of safety, but also contributed to the development of a greater speed of descent.
The railway and gravity
In 1827, a mining company in Sammichele, Pennsylvania, built the railroads called “Mauch Chunk”, which worked solely on the force of gravity. The length of the descending road numbered 14, kilometers and was used to deliver coal to “Mauch Chunk” (now known as the “Jim Thorpe”), Pennsylvania. By 1850, this railroad had already invited anyone who wanted to experience the thrill of a trip on the new “attraction” for only fifty cents. Railway companies used similar sections of routes, for fun, when the flow of passengers was low.
Slides Thompson (1884)
Using this idea as a basis, Lamarcus Adna Thompson began work on the creation of the iron hills, a new attraction. powered by the force of gravity that opened on Coney island in Brooklyn, new York, in 1884. Passengers climbed to the top platform, which was used for the landing and the machine came down from the height of 180 meters, to another tower where the vehicle was switched to return in order to pick up new passengers. The design of this attraction was soon changed to solid, oval road. In 1885, Phillip Hinkle introduced the first whole track, which began with the landing on the hill, and was called the “Gravity Pleasure Road”. Some time later, this road became the most popular attraction in Coney island. Not to be outdone, in 1886, Lamarcus Adna Thompson patented his design of the attraction, which also slides also included several tunnels and colourful decorations that completely imitated the movement of the real train. This invention was called “Scenic Railways” (Scenic Railways). Soon this attraction can be found in many amusement parks throughout the County. The construction of this type of theme is joined by not one company, in the first two decades of the 20th century.
Popularity, decline and revival
In 1912, the roller coaster was developed by John Miller. Soon, the attraction roller coasters spread to amusement parks all over the world. Perhaps the most famous in the history of slides, was the design, opened in Coney island in 1927.
The great Depression (the Economic crisis of 1929 – 1933) put an end to the first Golden age of the rollercoaster, as a whole, and the popularity of theme parks began to decline. This lasted until 1972, when the roller coaster was built on king’s Island in Mason, Ohio (Near Cincinnati). Design John Allen, instantly developed a second Golden age of the attraction, which continues to this day.
Steel roller coaster
In 1959, Disneyland theme Park was presented to the revolutionary design of the ride, “the Matterhorn Bobsleds”. It was the first roller coaster hills, the track for which was built of tubular steel. Unlike conventional rails set on wooden railroad ties, steel pipe can bend in any direction, allowing developers to create loops, corkscrews and other thrilling maneuvers in their projects. Most modern attractions that represent the roller coaster, made of tubular steel, however, and wooden structures still exist.
New designs and technologies are pushing the boundaries of what one can experience the latest rides. Electromagnetic “trailers” are the first example of such technologies.